1 August 1291
- de facto:
22 September 1499
24 October 1648
7 August 1815
12 September 1848
Eidgenossenschaft (oath cooperative)
Confoederatio Helvetica (CH)
de jure: none, de facto: Berne
head of state:
head of government:
federal council with principle of collegiality
form of government:
half-direct concordance-democracy, sui generis
no particular one
none, actually, since the point of the confederation
is a pact to swear that we do not want to belong to anything like
that, la Suisse n'existe pas. Ok, foreigners refer to it as
Swiss, but being swiss is a denationality and Switzerland is a denation.
it's not just about voting rights: the power is with
the people, they are the army and they keep their guns at home.
Sometimes these guns are used for ugly suicides, but hey, that is
a right a sovereign citizen has, and since as a logical
consequence assisted suicide is legal as well, there are usually
less violant options available with the help of non-profit "exit"
organisations. Anyway, what the guns are there for primarily, of
course, is to ensure that the sovereignty can never be taken away
from the people, not even by their own government. The guns are
there as a dissuasion, to ensures that they will never be used
if your fellow citizens have guns at home and are
trained to use them, you better show due solidarity. Plus, it's
in the spirit of that oath, remember? Unus Pro Omnibus - Omnes Pro Uno.
citizens delegate administrative processes and
governance to the most local level possible: their community. The
communities may further delegate issues that can not be
appropriately handled at a local level to more distant levels,
such as their districts, cantons or the confederation. That also
means that, as a foreigner, you can't get the citizenship
directly from the confederation, instead you have to be accepted
by one of its communities as one of their own.
only if we are willing to do the work.
Sustainability is the double-process of living the system in ways
sustainable for its environment while sustaining the system
in case you noticed: the conceptual analogies are not
coincidental - this confederation is political open source - feel
free to copy the bits you like to improve its concepts as part of
your own political systems. We'll be watching with interest and
are eager to learn from your anarchistic development.
The puzzle pieces are starting to come together: Hannes'
screencast of a development environment running in the browser, with fine grained security and sandboxing. In other words, allowing untrusted users to write hosted serverjs apps using a web-based editor:
a simple, open, server-to-server HTTP-based publish/subscribe protocol as an extension to Atom. Exactly the way I would go about doing away with smtp and
killing spam and walled garden social networks at one fell swoop.
In 2006, the UN's Food and Agriculture Organisation published a report, confirming that the amount of greenhouse gas emissions generated by just the farm animals which are raised for meat production are higher than the entire CO2 emissions generated by all forms of transportation.
Last week, the Swiss Federal Government
published the results of a study
conducted by the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, ETH Zurich. A study, which was commissioned by the Federal Office for Agriculture, the Federal Office for the Environment and the Swiss Farmers Union, the powerful conservative lobby of the swiss farmers. A study, which was to find ways to help reduce those greenhouse gas emissions.
The result of the study: The way to reduce the greenhouse gas emissions is to eat less meat. Nothing can reduce greenhouse gas emissions as effectively as reducing the amount of livestock, and that is only possible if the meat consumption is also reduced. There are no technical or conceptual means to effectively reduce these emissions any other way. No surprise to me, but it is nice to see the hardcore lobby that is fighting against this change, having to officially confirm the negative impact of its own policies.
This means the single measure of replacing the beef consumption with a vegetarian diet would essentially fix the global warming problem. As a minor nice little side effect, it would mean that we would no longer waste over half of the world's fishing catch as feed for livestock. We would free up 70% of all agricultural land - that is almost 30% of the earth's land surface - in order to grow vegetables, nuts and grains, which would easily yield a 50 fold increase in global food production. Since we wouldn't need that much food, we could convert large amounts of land back to forests, which would provide a huge amount of CO2 neutral fuel and construction material. The rainforest could thrive again, providing increasing natural habitat for exotic, some un-known, many almost extinct animals and insects. Plus, this would further improve the CO2 balance, since these forests would massively absorbe CO2 and produce oxygen. Plus, we could combine these advantages by growing our fruits, vegetables and nuts in
edible forest gardens
. Switching to farming for a vegetarian diet would conserve 70% of the earth's clean water, since farming animals requires over 10 times the amount of water. With the energy required to produce 1 kilogram of beef, you could easily run your Macbook for 100 years. Switching to a vegetarian diet, our life expectancy would increase by 15 years, and we would live not only longer but healthier, reducing the cost of our health care system. Should I go on?
Clearly, we should try to be part of the solution, not part of the problem.
Every time we consume animal products, we directly and actively lower the quality of life on planet earth. Most drastically that of the animals who were used for that production, but also the quality of life of everyone else - and our own.
Living life without consuming animal products actively and directly improves the quality of life on planet earth. Yours and everyone else's.
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