The Foundation of Democracy

Calls for direct democracy have recently become a lot more prevalent around the world in the context of the Arab Spring, Los Indignados and Occupy Wall Street movements. This begs the question, how direct democracy would practically work, not only on a local but also a national and international scope. Popular wisdom seems to be that electronic voting could be the silver bullet that would make this possible. However, not only is it hard to trust electronic voting whenever a secret ballot is required, but there is a lot more to making direct democracy work on that scale than simply dealing with the efficiency of counting votes.

In Switzerland, direct democracy has a long history, longer than the Swiss confederation itself, with some direct democracy roots going back over 1000 years. For the past 20 years, the Forum for Direct Democracy has been advocating the importance of preserving these aspects of the Swiss political system, and it is the only center-left movement with the objective of preventing Switzerland from joining the EEA and the EU, arguing from a direct-democratic, ecological and social perspective. Based on discussions I've had with fellow members of the Forum for Direct Democracy over the last few years, I would like to share some thoughts relating to how modern democracy in Switzerland in my opinion has yielded some additional institutional concepts, which are essential to its functioning. Extrapolating from that, I'm suggesting a direction for potential improvements to our system, which maybe should be taken into account from the beginning, when attempting to introduce more direct democracy elsewhere in the world. Consequently, what I am describing here is an entangled mixture of the current status quo and where I think we could be taking this with relatively minor effort.

Sovereignty and subsidiarity

Who makes the rules and enforces them is sovereign. Direct democracy is about the legislative decisions, the rules, being made by the people for the people.

The people that are affected by the rules should be deciding which rules need to be defined in that affected group. Rules that affect only a small group should be defined by consensus in that small group. For legislation that affects a larger group the consensus needs to be developed in that larger group. This is the essence of the Principal of Subsidiarity, which implies that authority should be with the most decentralized entity possible and more centralized entities should primarily support the decentralized ones.

Delegating authority from the most central to more decentralized entities makes subsidiarity a farce, since it implies ultimate central authority. If authority is to be with the most decentralized entity possible, as the principle of subsidiarity implies, then the authority can not be selectively delegated from a central entity. Instead it is to be delegated selectively from the most decentralized entity to more centralized entities.

In other words, the people are only free in a sovereign state, if that sovereignty is unconditionally delegated to the individual people, and the people maintain a consensus on what authority they give to the communities they belong to. The communities in turn delegate some authority to larger entities, and to the state, which as a result only exists because it is willed to exist by the people. The simple motivation for the people to provide such entities with authority is for the security one gets in return, in the form of solidarity and sustainability.

The state as a purely abstract concept

With the delegation of the sovereignty to the individuals, the state only continues to exist as an abstract concept towards the outside. The state is the entity that external powers respect as having sovereignty over a particular territory. With sovereignty delegated to the people, the state merely describes the conceptual borderline from which the sovereignty is delegated. For all practical purposes, if all the people of the world would be sovereign, there would be no state.

Free association to multiple communities

Communities are not necessarily always bound to a specific geographic territory. Multiple communities can share responsibilities or have separate responsibilities in the same territory or in overlapping territories, or even not be bound to a specific territory. In any case, all individuals should effectively be able to join any community they wish as an equal member, essentially without any preconditions.

Democracy is incompatible with centralized military power

Rules may be meaningless if they cannot be enforced, but much more importantly, the absence of a rule is just as meaningless, if it's enforcement can not be prevented. While the people may be able to delegate the enforcement of rules, the people must always be able to resist any unauthorized enforcement of rules on them. Effectively, this means that any police and military power needs to be as decentralized as the policy making. To be sovereign, the people must always have dissuasive power against any form of suppression.

Part 2: The Three Pillars of Democracy

28.11.2011, 8:38

The Three Pillars of Democracy

Continued from The Foundation of Democracy

Direct democracy: The people's power to mandate and veto

In the context of how sovereignty is delegated to the people and how the people grant authority to larger entities following the principle of subsidiarity, direct democracy becomes an insurance policy, that every entity which is receiving authority has to grant to its people, as a minimal guarantee that the granted authority will not be abused.

Direct democracy can only provide the people with an brute-force instrument for correcting the direction and maintaining ultimate control. It does not provide sufficient fine grained control over the high volume work of drafting and applying legislation, nor does it ensure that issues are appropriately deliberated before new legislation is created and decisions are made.

Representative democracy: The people's meritocratic secretariat

The mountain of work that is today's legislative process is something that the people need to be able to delegate to a group of volunteers, willing to labor over legal drafts with more dedication than the average citizen. That is the role of representative democracy. The people elect their representatives based on merit, with a motivation of efficiency and feeling represented in the best possible way. To the extent that these representatives do not directly draft legislation themselves, they, by choosing the executive branch, select the experts that do, and are responsible for their oversight.

The ability for the people to meritocraticly empower certain individuals to get heavily involved in overseeing the creation and application of legislation is not to be underestimated. When integrated into a framework with direct democratic control the way I am describing it here, representative democracy becomes a sandbox for leaders. They can do their good, but they can do no harm. The representative aspect of democracy is important, but has relatively little actual political power. In a sense, it merely provides the direct and the participatory pillars of democracy with administrative support.

Participatory democracy: The people's collective wisdom

On a large scale, such as a state or national level, where people can no longer meet all together to discuss the issues and vote, direct democracy can only work efficiently inside a framework that ensures issues are widely discussed by both experts and the general public and that these perspectives are taken into account before any proposals for new legislation come to a popular vote. Direct democracy requires a surrounding framework of a fine tuned political system, grinding political issues towards a consensus where all qualified minorities refrain from using their de facto veto power. With the ability to collect signatures in order to block a proposal and require it to go to a popular vote, even a relatively small minority of the people will often be able to mobilize the sympathy of the majority of the people that actually go and cast their ballot, getting the solidarity required to block new legislation.

In other words, if minority views and sentiments of the people are not taken into account when considering new legislation, the proposal will likely be vetoed into thin air in a referendum, after it has successfully passed through the entire legislative process of the federal government, the commissions, and the two chambers of parliament. This threat of potentially destroying years of work forces the legislative process to make all the efforts to attentively listen to what the people want from the very outset, and to carefully consider all minority views. Without such a practice, the direct democratic controls would bring the entire system to a grinding halt. Direct democracy, by making public participation in the early process a mandatory requirement in this way, becomes the enabler of participatory democracy. The history of the consultation procedure in the swiss system illustrates this perfectly.

Consultation procedure

Relative to Switzerland's long history of democracy, the consultation procedure has only recently evolved out of pure necessity over the past century. However, it could become the most essential pillar of democracy, with the other two, representative and direct democracy merely ensuring efficiency and control.

During the 20th century in Switzerland, the threat of a qualified minority being able to potentially kill new legislation after it has been drafted and revised for often many years in the legislative process, has forced the government to listen to minority input early on during the process, submitting drafts for public consultation and revising them based on the obtained feedback, in order to avoid a referendum or to increase the chance of new legislation to survive a referendum and be approved in a popular vote. This process has become known as the "consultation procedure" and had become common practice many decades ago, before that there ever was a formal legal requirement for it.

At the end of the twenties century the Swiss constitution was rewritten from scratch, basically a complete cleanup of it's language without changing it's meaning, bringing its text inline with the legal practice of how it was interpreted. As part of this total revision, passed by popular vote in 1999 and in force since January 1, 2000, the consultation procedure has formally become a binding part of the legislative process, with its own article in the constitution: "Art. 147 Consultation procedure: The Cantons, the political parties and interested groups shall be invited to express their views when preparing important legislation or other projects of substantial impact as well as in relation to significant international treaties."

Since 2005, when a new law and detailed regulations on the workings of the consultation procedure went into force, the draft legislation and supporting expert documentation effectively became public record and all citizens are invited to provide feedback as part of this process.

As it stands, the consultation procedure can be taken to provide the ideal platform to plug a much more sophisticated system of participatory democracy into the Swiss system, offering ample room for new innovations and solidifying this three pillar system.

Three pillars, resulting in scalable, deliberative democracy

Direct democracy, representative democracy, and participatory democracy together form a balanced and scalable system of deliberative democracy. Direct democracy and representative democracy primarily providing a stable infrastructure, with participative democracy being responsible for shaping the quality of its output. While the two other pillars must be carefully designed and enforced, participative democracy can be more freely experimented with and can be continuously re-adjusted and organized much more flexibly.

Due to its decentralized structure and stability, such a system provides vast opportunities for innovation, where new ideas can be locally experimented with, good ideas can spread, mistakes can be absorbed and lessons learned.

Open standards, open policy

In many ways, the political environment this creates has similarities to best practices developed over the past decades in the Open Source software community.

While policies of different communities and different regional levels need to be coordinated and harmonized to the point that they can coexist, such a three pillar system, together with the delegation of sovereignty and the principle of subsidiarity, provides no restrictions on the freedom of different communities to innovate with new ideas and follow their own bliss, entirely free of centralized control.

To the extent that different policies need to be compatible with each other, they will need to be negotiated within communities, between communities, and between different organizational layers to which authority has been delegated to. This harmonization process between the different entities will produce a multitude of consensuses that will effectively become a collection of open standards, developed at a certain level, and available for possible adaption by the more local entities.

Delivering on the promise of democracy

Non of what I've described is rocket science. Much of this is either already practiced to a large extent or is implied by the self-understanding of how the political system should work. In the case of Switzerland, as a result of the way the heritage and ideals of the old confederation were "marketed" to the Swiss citizens during the creation of modern Switzerland in the nineteenths century, and in many other places in the world, simply through the promise of democracy to be the means to define policies by the people for the people.

Evolving the Swiss system

Especially in Switzerland, all that is needed is a round of hardening of these principles, to solidify their real world implementation. Most notably, the consultation procedure offers an ideal opportunity for experimentation with different ways of institutionalizing the third, participatory pillar of democracy, finding the most effective ways to invoke participation and tap the collective wisdom of the people.

One opportunity in this regard certainly relates to further developing concepts and technologies for collective communication using the Internet, but offline gatherings of people have an important role to play in this as well. Certain forms of group facilitation can yield creative breakthrough consensus that we so far can not reproduce online.

Volksrat: The People's Council

While I've been experimenting with online concepts for collective communication since the early 1990s, I've followed the "offline work" of Jim Rough with great interest, originally in order to find ways of leveraging his Wisdom Council techniques for online tools, but I now think his ideas can be directly put to work as an important offline element for physical sessions of a People's Council in the context of the consultation procedure.

During the last few years, Manfred Hellrigl has in Vorarlberg started to apply these concepts in the spirit of what Jim Rough calls "creative insight councils". These experiments have yielded encouraging results, further evidence that this process can produce creative breakthrough results that are reflective of the consensus in general society.

For every People's Council session, the process would kick off by randomly selecting 12 to 25 citizens and inviting them to participate in a specific session, which could be of variable length, but would typically run for 2 days. The facilitation technique used during the session is geared towards creating an open minded and open hearted zone of thinking and talking, with solutions, concerns, data and problem-statements being collected thoroughly from each participant. In this way, the People Council can speak their minds and hearts, and achieve breakthroughs where unanimous conclusions naturally emerge. The People Council then creates consensus statements and presents these results to the public and the media. When the topic of a People's Council session was concerning a particular legal draft, the results also get submitted as feedback in the consultation procedure.

Beyond the context of the consultation procedure, there could also be sessions that are held without any predefined purpose or topic, with participants being entirely free to talk about what they think needs to be addressed. These open sessions could be held on a regular basis, with the public presentations of the consensus statements holding up a mirror to society and generating more collective consciousness.

At the most fundamental level, people council sessions could serve as a consensus factory, working on constantly evolving drafts of a totally revised constitution, from which parts or complete drafts can be moved forward for adaption in the form of initiatives. A perpetual revolution.


If any of this sounds interesting to you, if you could imagine to help moving things forward in such a direction in Switzerland, or if you want to exchange ideas or collaborate in the context of similar changes in other places in the world, please get in touch with me or simply add yourself to this mailing list.

27.11.2011, 18:38

Will Not Follow by Gringo Star

28.10.2011, 21:10

Hydrogen production from inexhaustible supplies of fresh and salt water using microbial reverse-electrodialysis electrolysis cells

From the abstract at :

There is a tremendous source of entropic energy available from the salinity difference between river water and seawater, but this energy has yet to be efficiently captured and stored. Here we demonstrate that H2 can be produced in a single process by capturing the salinity driven energy along with organic matter degradation using exoelectrogenic bacteria. [...] These results show that pure H2 gas can efficiently be produced from virtually limitless supplies of seawater and river water, and biodegradable organic matter.

BBC News report "Harvesting 'limitless' hydrogen from self-powered cells" by Mark KinverEnvironment:

"[...] the technology [is] still in its infancy, which [is] one of the reasons why it [is] not being exploited commercially. [...] It is a new technology and it could be used, but right now it is probably a little expensive. So the question is, can we bring down the cost?"

19.10.2011, 11:00

Fortschritt statt schildbürgerliches Wachstum

In Antwort auf die Frage von Axel Hanikel auf Google Plus nach mehr Informationen bezüglich Punkt 6 in meinem Libertär, EU-kritisch, ökologisch, sozial Post:

Zu einzelnen Aspekten mit denen Punkt 6 zu tun hat, gibt es diverse Links (Regionalwährungen [1], WIR Bank [2], Grundeinkommen [3], Bitcoin [4], Talent Experiment [5], INWO Schweiz [6], Vollgeld [7], Monetative [8], Currency-Theorie [9], etc) aber dort wo es meiner Meinung nach wirklich interessant wird, sind mir keine Arbeiten oder Projekte bekannt. Nämlich bei der dezentralen Geldschöpfung und dem Ausgleich der Inflation via Steuerungsabgaben. Ich verspreche mir davon aber eine wirklich meritokratische, freie Marktwirtschaft, in der das Geld zwar immer knapp bleibt und nach Leistung verlangt, aber ohne dabei Armut zu erzeugen und ohne irgend eine Umverteilung. Freier Raum für die unsichtbare Hand wie Adam Smith sie verstanden hat. Die dezentrale Geldschöpfung macht sie sozial, die Steuerungsabgaben macht sie ökologisch. Mittels einer offiziellen Sekundärwährung liesse sich ein solches Experiment langsam über die Zeitdauer von Jahrzehnten gefahrlos/vorsichtig einführen.

Schildbürgerlich nenne ich das aktuelle Fractional Reserve Banking System übrigens weil der damit verbundene Wachstumszwang zum Selbstzweck wird und das System so ineffizient macht, dass die nachteiligen Effekte grösser werden als die positiven. Die unsichtbare Hand liegt in Handschellen. Adam Smith rotiert wahrscheinlich in seinem Grab.

Logischerweise haben wir (die Eidgenossenschaft) ein extrem kleines Interesse am bestehenden System zu rütteln, weil wir erstens sehr stark davon profitieren und zweitens auch tief fallen könnten, wenn das System eines Tages wirklich kollabiert. Entsprechend wichtig wäre es für uns daher aber auch ein redundantes, sekundäres System zu entwickeln. Mit solchen Alternativen zu experimentieren ist auch das mindeste was wir tun können, aus Solidarität mit jenen in der Welt, die vom aktuellen System nicht profitieren.


17.10.2011, 9:41

Consensus & Direct Democracy @ Occupy Everything

16.10.2011, 14:42

Libertär, EU-kritisch, ökologisch, sozial

1 - Mehr direkte und partizipative Demokratie. Aufwertung der Vernehmlassungsverfahren auf allen politischen Ebenen zu einem starken Instrument für die Partizipative Demokratie. Einführung der Möglichkeit von eidgenössischen Volksmotionen und Ausweitung der Referendumsfähigkeit von Vorlagen. Alle plenarischen und politischen Entscheidungsgrundlagen sind vor der gültigen Beschlussfassung mit der Möglichkeit rechtzeitiger Mitsprache im Internet zu publizieren.

2 - EU-kritisch, gegen den EU-Beitritt, gegen jede Zentralisierung und Konzentration unkontrollierter Macht. Kleine, autonome Regionen statt undemokratisches Grossprojekt EU. Das Subsidiaritätsprinzip kann nicht zentralistisch in Brüssel diktiert werden, sondern soll im Gegenteil so ausgelegt werden, dass Kompetenzen von den Gemeinden ausgehend delegiert werden. Delegierte Kompetenzen müssen rückholbar sein.

3 - Informationsfreiheit für Sender und Empfänger. Freies Internet, Förderung offener Standards und Verpflichtung zum Grundsatz der Netzneutralität. Netzbetreiber dürfen nicht Datenübertragungen von bestimmten Anbietern bevorzugen oder behindern. Das Öffentlichkeitsprinzip der Verwaltung muss so umgesetzt werden, dass nicht personenbezogenen Daten (zB. Studien) im Internet unabhängig von einer Anfrage und kostenfrei zur Verfügung stehen.

4 - Keine Softwarepatente. Softwarepatente führen einzig zu Patentkriegen zwischen Konzernen und hemmen die Innovation. Verlierer sind insbesondere Entwickler offener Software, die durch die entstehende Rechtsunsicherheit grossen finanziellen Risiken ausgesetzt werden. Software ist durch das Urheberrecht bereits genügend geschützt.

5 - Dezentrale Energieversorgung. Energie soll nachhaltig und dezentral erzeugt sowie effizient und dank Suffizienz sinnvoll genutzt werden. Gegen die Beteiligung an Kohlekraftwerken, gegen Gaskraftwerke, industrielle Windparks und Atomkraftwerke. Letztere sind nicht ökonomisch, nicht ökologisch und ein untragbares Risiko. Wir müssen uns auf die Energie beschränken, die wir auf verhältnismässige Art und Weise auch produzieren können.

6 - Fortschritt statt Wachstum. Reform des Geldsystems mittels Sekundärwährung. Regionale Parallelwährungen rechtlich absichern und fördern. Komplementäre Geldschöpfung, zum Beispiel in direkter Verbindung mit einem Grundeinkommen, und gezielte Steuerungsabgaben statt Steuern und Zinsen.

7 - Sicherheit durch Dissuasion mittels dezentral und subsidiär strukturiertem Milizdienst mit breiter Beteiligung der Bevölkerung, statt einer herkömmlichen Armee. Konzentration auf Widerstand und zivile Ordnungsaufgaben. Dezentralisierte Staatsgewalt direkt durch das Volk, mit dem konzeptionellen Grundsatz der allgemeinen Dienstpflicht, jedoch de facto freiwillig. Der zu erwartende Widerstand muss so dezentralisiert und stark sein, dass eine Dissuasion entsteht, welche es erlaubt, auf eine militärische Luftraumsicherung zu verzichten. Die zivile Luftraumsicherung kann anschliessend in internationaler Zusammenarbeit geregelt werden.

8 - Respektierung der Würde aller Tiere, unter der Maxime der Verbesserung der Qualität allen Lebens. Verbandsbeschwerderecht für Tierschutzorganisationen. Abschaffung der Tierversuche. Keine Ausweitung des Begriffs des «Wildschadens» auf von Raubtieren gejagtes Wild. Kein Import von Produkten mit Herstellungsmethoden die in der Schweiz nicht zulässig sind.

9 - Regionale Lebensmittel zu kostendeckenden Preisen statt Billigimporte. Förderung von Bio und Permakultur. Förderung von Produzenten-Konsumenten-Genossenschaften. Alle Verbraucherinnen und Verbraucher sollen wissen, von wo ihre Nahrungsmittel stammen und wie sie produziert werden. Eine vielfältige Produktion von pflanzlichen Lebensmitteln und deren möglichst lokaler Konsum sollte besonders stark gefördert werden. Weiterführung des Gentech-Moratoriums.

10 - Förderung von neuen Gemeindeformen über die primären politischen Gemeinden hinaus. Fairer Lastenausgleich zwischen den Gemeinden. Subsidiarität als Dienstleistung in der Form von angebotenen Kompetenzen und der Entwicklung einer Diversität von offenen Standards für die Gemeindepolitik und die subsidiäre Delegation von Kompetenzen an Regionen, Kanton und Bund.

6.10.2011, 9:19

The Creative Cloud, Elasticity, Touch and Context

Elasticity, touch and context have been concepts that were omnipresent in many ways during Adobe MAX this week for everybody from individual creative professionals and developers to large enterprise customers.

There are several areas where Adobe is making its tools and services more and more accessible for freelancers and small studios. For example the Digital Publishing Suite gets a Single Edition offering and the Business Catalyst service has been there for web designers and small web studios for a while.

One major announcement was the Adobe Creative Cloud, which will, for an affordable monthly membership fee, provide creative professionals with access to desktop and tablet applications, creative services, and the ability to collaborate with each other and share their best work. This will include ongoing access to the latest versions of all the desktop apps of the Adobe Creative Suite, plus Muse, Edge, the Adobe Touch Apps, and also services such as TypeKit, which Adobe just acquired.

Another new Adobe acquisition, PhoneGap, is entering incubation at the Apache Software Foundation, joining Sling, Jackrabbit and other open source projects that are increasingly benefiting from Adobe/Apache synergies and Adobe's embracement of an Open Development, Open Source, Open Standards philosophy. Other recent examples include Adobe's involvement with jQuery, development of web standards and embracement of HTML5 and CSS3.

Check out David Nuescheler's "The Future Enterprise Developer" talk to see how this all extends to the enterprise:

6.10.2011, 0:30

>>> Privacy is only needed to the extent that society is malfunctioning.

> Antwort auf offenen Brief von Tobias Sennhauser
> Evolution is not about the survival of the fittest, it is about the optimization of the synergies.
> New GPB-DA Poster (and Logo) for the Federal Elections 2011
> Here's to the crazy ones!
> How To Design A Good API and Why it Matters
> Die Grünen sind die liberalsten
> Ralph Nader, Dennis Kucinich, Ron Paul
> 25th Fête de la Lune Noire
> Switzerland is Not a Nation - it is a Philosophy
> Damn Love Song by Amy LaVere
> Re:
> RingoJS 0.8.0 is out!
> Strength in Numbers by Colin Scallan
> This Painting is Not Available in Your Country
> Adobe Digital Enterprise Platform
> Customer Experience Management
> Not becoming part of the problem when trying to be part of the solution
> What's Next California
> The Data Liberation Front
> The Definition of Love
> Paradise with Side Effects
> Permaculture - A Quiet Revolution
> Storm Song by Smoke Fairies
> bumblebee
> Best Music, News, and More is Back!
> Christiana Bike gone missing in Basel
> Newark Peace Education Panel
> Wishful thinking is the mother of all progress
> AIR is to apps as PDF is to docs
> Everything is either simple or flawed
> Canada, please evolve
> Piledriver Waltz by Alex Turner
> Blue Tip by The Cars
> Re: Administrivia
> Madame Trudeaux by KT Tunstall
> Powerful stroke of insight
> How to Save the World, Fast and Easy
> Think before teaching young dogs old tricks
> It Hurts Me Too by First Aid Kit
> Asmaa Mahfouz starting a revolution
> No more White Stripes
> Could uprisings in Egypt and the Arab world produce a 'Muslim Gandhi'?
> The decision to store data in a database is usually a case of premature optimization
> Cablecom baffled by service interruptions
> Fixing the Future
> Please Take by Wire
> Software Engineering
> So Long, Larry King Live
> WikiLeaks moves to Switzerland
> Making Antimatter where the Web was born
> Which system setting, Mr. Citrix?
> Daniel Ellsberg on Wikileaks
> Unconditional Responsibility meets Total Compassion
> Peaceful Valley Boulevard and Rumblin
> Order is an addictive illusion
> Ringo Release 0.6
> Predictions of an ugly IPv4-to-IPv6 transition
> Link Love for Javascript
> Bungee jumps for all congressman, free!, no strings attached
> Restrepo
> Open source Facebook replacement Diaspora drops first alpha
> Angry World by Neil Young
> Faked web browsing
> Nice comparison of Ringo and Node
> Erbix CommonJS soft-coding engine
> The Paul Allen Suit
> Web services should be both federated and extensible
> Reality is an onion, and depending on how deep you think, it may seem to contradict itself
> Oh No! by Marina And The Diamonds
> If there is anything supernatural, it is humanity itself
> Lila Luftschloss
> We have the world we want
> CoffeeScript, and underscore.js
> Brendan Eich on Proxies, Modules and other Proposals and Strawman
> confederate?
> Good for Adobe, Good for Day, Good for the Ecosystem
> Will Adobe see the light (of Day)?
> What's Up Doc? by Carbon/Silicon
> How creativity occurs
> RingoJS vs NodeJS
> Sweet People by Alyosha
> RingoJS 0.5 released
> Your Personal Religion by Sophie Hunger
> Lost and Found by Steve Mason
> RhinoJS
> Server-Side Javascript since... way back: RingoJS!
> Modules, Proxies, and Ephemeron Tables
> Helma 1.7.0 has escaped its stealth existence
> The Moon And The Sky by Sade
> Written In Reverse by Spoon
> Keep Cool My Babies!
> Module system strawpersons
> You find what you google for.
> Move your money - It's a Wonderful Life
> ServerJS - Brewing The Perfect Storm
> While society must do things the right way, its people must find ways to do the right thing
> CommonJS effort sets JavaScript on path for world domination
> ServerJS - putting Javascript to work on the *other* side
> Eating healthier would safe the planet
> JVM Web Framework Smackdown
> Before implementing a solution to a problem, always search for a workaround, because the workaround is often better than the original solution
> If they are not ready for what they need, give them the backbone for their future baby steps
> Been there, but haven't done that
> Unus Pro Omnibus - Omnes Pro Uno
> Hang You From the Heavens by The Dead Weather
> Web-based editing of sandboxed server-side javascript apps
> PubSubHub against spam and walled gardens
> CometD at a glance
> Be part of the solution, not part of the problem
> Get Around by Neil Young
> Surrender by Cheap Trick
> A car has nothing to do with a carpet
> ES5 Candidate Specification
> ReverseHttp and RelayHttp
> The best solution is that one isn't needed
> New Eclipse Helma plugin project
> Is the Bespin web-based code editor the ideal future ServerJS IDE?
> Server-Side Javascript Standard Library
> First Soleil on Mont-Soleil
> Rhinola 0.8 - Server JS reduced to the minimum
> Helma turns 1.6.3
> Helma 1.6.3-rc3 ready for testing
> Helma 1.6.3 Release Candidate 2
> Release Candidate 1 of Helma 1.6.3
> Helma at the 2008 OpenExpo in Zurich
> Large Hadron Collider
> Ecmascript Harmony
> The A-Z of Programming Languages jumps to Javascript
> Fresh Javascript IDE in Ganymede Eclipse release
> Helma at the Linuxwochen in Linz
> Brendan on the state of Javascript evolution
> Stuff by George Carlin
> Is AppleScript done?
> ES4 Draft 1 and ES3.1 Draft 1
> Want ES4 in Helma today?
> SquirrelFish!
> Permaculture 101
> ES4 comes to IE via Screaming Monkey
> Apple's position on ECMAScript 4 proposals
> Helma Meeting Spring 2008
> Attila Szegedi about Rhino, Helma and Server-Side Javascript, and scripting on the JVM in general
> Helma 1.6.2 ready to download
> Larry Lessig's case for creative freedom
> Earthlings - Can you face the truth?
> The Story of Stuff
> A Quick Start to Hello World
> The Overlooked Power of Javascript
> Adobe's position on ES4 features, plus the Flex 3 SDK source code is now available under the MPL
> Solar cell directly splits water for hydrogen
> Asynchronous Beer and Geeking and other opportunities to talk about Helma, Rhino and Javascript on the server-side
> Openmocha and Jhino updated to 0.8
> Even more Server-side Javascript with Jaxer
> e4xd and jhino - javascript server-side soft-coding
> Additional Filename Conventions
> Update to Helma 1.6.1
> Netscape, the browser, to live one more month
> Heavyweight Champion of the World by Reverend and the Makers
> SimpleDB vs CouchDB
> Nuclear plants in Switzerland are modern Orgetorixism
> Helma powered AppJet - Takeoff!
> CouchDB for Helma
> Bubble bursting friendship bracelets
> Evolving ES4 as the universal scripting language
> Helmablog and an article in Linux Pro Magazine
> More praise for Helma
> Javascript as Universal Scripting Language
> So, what's up with World Radio Switzerland?
> Helma Conspiracy Theory
> JSONPath and CouchDB
> Hold the whole program in your head, and you can manipulate it at will
> Keeping track of localhost:8080
> Rhino 1.6R6 with E4X fix and patches for Helma
> Helma 1.6 is ready!
> Junction brings Rhino on Rails to Helma
> Javascript for Java programmers
> The server-side advantage
> John Resig on Javascript as a language
> Rhino on Rails
> Release Candidate 3 of Helma 1.6.0
> ECMAScript 4 Reference Implementation
> Antville Summer Of Code 2007
> Helma 1.6.0-rc2
> Using H2 with Helma
> Helma warped around existing db schemas
> Rocket the Super Rabbit
> Bootstrap is out of the bag
> The last mention of Microsoft
> Helma 1.6.0-rc1
> Introducing Planet Helma
> Helma ante portas
> Fixing Javascript inheritance
> Shutdown-Day the Helma way
> Upcoming Helma 1.6, new reference docs and IRC channel
> Making Higgs where the Web was born
> Jala for Helma
> See you at Lift'07
> More on Javascript Inheritance
> Mocha Inheritance
> Helma 1.5.3
> Fresh Rhino on Safari
> Truly Hooverphonic!
> Helma 1.5.2
> RFC 4329 application-ecmascript
> Helma 1.5.1 ready to download
> Aptana - Eclipse reincarnated as a Javascript IDE
> Building the Conversational Web
> Drosera steps in to debug Safari
> Helma 1.5.0 has been released!
> Helma 1.5 RC2 is ready
> Helma 1.5.0 Release Candidate 1 available for download
> FreeBSD Jails the brand new easy way
> Javascript 2 and the Future of the Web
> Frodo takes on chapter 3
> No Rough Cut :-(
> Welcome to Helma!
> 40th Montreux Jazz Festival
> trackAllComments
> Rails' greatest contribution
> Consensus vs Direct Democracy
> A candidate for CSCSJS or a Mocha Fetchlet
> A (Re)-Introduction to JavaScript
> coComment Roundup
> Track your comments
> Sketching image queries and reinventing email
> ECMAScript - The Switzerland of development environments
> I love E4X
> Tutorial D, Industrial D and the relational model
> Stop bashing Java
> E4X Mocha Objects
> Logging and other antimatters
> Stronger types in Javascript 2
> Javascript Diagnosis & Testing
> Homo Oxymora
> Yeah, why not Javascript?
> Moving beyond Java
> Spidermonkey Javascript 1.5 finally final
> Helma Trivia
> Finding Java Packages
> JSEclipse Javascript plug-in for Eclipse
> Catching up to Continuations
> Mighty and Beastie Licenses
> Tasting the OpenMocha Console
> "Who am I?", asks Helma
> Savety vs Freedom and other recent ramblings
> Mont-Soleil Open Air Lineup
> Rhinola - Mocha reduced to the minimum
> OpenMocha 0.6 available for download
> E4X presentation by Brendan Eich
> What is Mocha?
> Do you remember Gopher?
> The disappointment
> OpenMocha Project Roadmap
> MochiKit Javascript Library
> Getting your feet wet with OpenMocha
> People flocking to see global warming
> Rails vs Struts vs Mocha
> The JavaScript Manifesto
> OpenMocha is ready for a spin
> The limits of harmonization
> Le Conseil fédéral au Mont-Soleil
> Amiga History Guide
> The people must lead the executive, control the legislature and be the military
> Copyback License
> Looking at FreeBSD 6 and Beyond
> Qualified Minority Veto
> The Doom of Representative Democracy
> Violence in a real democracy
> Concordance and Subsidiarity
> Wrapping Aspects around Mocha Objects?
> Future of Javascript Roadmap
> Baby steps towards Javascript heaven
> Mac OS X spreading like wildfire
> Trois petits filous à Faoug
> Jackrabbit JSR 170
> Rich components for HTML 5
> More Java Harmony
> Mac goes Intel
> Google goes Rumantsch
> Oxymoronic Swiss-EU relations
> Rico and Prototype Javascript libraries
> Paul Klee - An intangible man and artist
> Incrementalism in the Mozilla roadmap
> Mocha multi-threading
> Moving towards OpenMocha
> Google goes Portal
> What Bush doesn't get
> Unique and limited window of opportunity
> Persisting Client-side Errors to your Server
> Dive Into Greasemonkey
> Brown bears knock on Switzerland's door
> The experience to make what people want
> "Just" use HTTP
> Yes, what is gather?
> A Free Song for Every Swiss Citizen
> Java in Harmony
> Jan getting carried away
> Evil Google Web Accelerator?
> JSON.stringify and JSON.parse
> Ajax for Java
> The launching of launchd
> Timeless RSS
> Kupu
> SNIFE goes Victorinox
> AJAX is everywhere
> Papa Ratzi
> How Software Patents Work
> Ten good practices for writing Javascript
> Free-trade accord with japan edges closer
> Mocha at a glance
> Adobe acquires Macromedia
> Safari 1.3
> View complexity is usually higher than model complexity
> Free Trade Neutrality
> SQL for Java Objects
> Security Bypass
> Exactly 1111111111 seconds
> Kurt goes Chopper
> Choosing a Java scripting language
> Spamalot's will get spammed a lot
> The visual Rhino debugger
> The Unix wars
> EU-Council adopts software patent directive
> FreeBSD baby step "1j"
> Never trust a man who can count to 1024 on his fingers
> Visiting the world's smallest city
> Finally some non-MS, non-nonsense SPF news
> Swiss cows banned from eating grass
> Ludivines, the "Green Fairy" of absinthe
> First Look At Solaris 10
> EU Commission Declines Patent Debate Restart
> Alan Kay's wisdom guiding the OpenLaszlo roadmap towards Mocha?
> 1 Kilo
> Re: FreeBSD logo design competition
> Schweizer Sagen
> Europas Eidgenossen
> Art Nouveau La Chaux-de-Fonds 2005-2006
> XMLHttpRequest glory
> The Beastie Silhouette
> The Number One Nightmare
> Safe and Idempotent Methods such as HEAD and TRACE
> Sorry, you have been verizoned.
> Daemons and Pixies and Fairies, Oh My!
> Sentient life forms as MIME-attachments: RFC 1437
> Anno 2004: CZV
> Web Developer Extension for Firefox
> Refactoring until nothing is left
> Brendan, never tired of providing Javascript support
> Catching XP in just 20 Minutes
> Designing the Star User Interface
> Rhino, Mono, IKVM. Or: JavaScript the hard way
> Re: SCO
> Judo
> Convergence on abstraction and on browser-based Console evaluation
> Today found out that inifinite uptimes are still an oxymoron
> New aspects of woven apps
> Original Contribution License (OCL) 1.0
> Unified SPF: a grand unified theory of MARID
> BSD is designed. Linux is grown.
> 5 vor 12 bei 10 vor 10
> Mocha vs Helma?
> Schattenwahrheit: Coup d'etat underway against the Cheney Circle?
> Abschluss Bilaterale II Schweiz-EU
> From Adam Smith to Open Source
> Linux - the desktop for the rest of them
> Big Bang
> Leaky Hop Objects
> Return Path Rewriting (RPR) - Mail Forwarding in the Spam Age
> Microsoft Discloses Huge Number Of Windows Vulnerabilties
> Steuerungsabgabe statt Steuern
> Anno 2003: deployZone
> The war against terror
> The war against terror (continued)
> The relativity of Apple's market share
> Are humans animals?
> Server-side Javascript
> Democracy Now!
> The Cluetrain Manifesto
> Anno 1999: Der Oberhasler
> Anno 1998:
> Fan traces "lost" singer Rodriguez
> Anno 1998: crossnet
> Think different
> The right time to buy Apple stock
> Geschwindigkeit vs Umdrehungszahl
> Anno 1997: Xmedia
> "The meaning of life is to improve the quality of all life"
> Cute Barristas at Peet's Coffee
> Anno 1996: CZV
> Alternative 1995
> BZ Internet Cafe
> Xjournal
> Searching Gopherspace
> Crossnet - der kollektive Intellekt der Schweiz
> Global Screen Design Services
> NEW-LIST digests
> ACTIV-L Digest
> Eternal September
> AOL expanding Internet services
> Anno 1993: Macro-micro navigator
> Freude herrscht!
> Anno 1992: Intouch i-station
> You register me in 50 states
> Anno 1991: mediacube
> Friedrich Dürrenmatt - Die Schweiz als Gefängnis
> Anno 1990: RasterOps
> Enable the Creative
> Photoshop Startup Memories and First Demo
> Anno 1989: Lambada by Kaoma
> Anno 1988: Perfect by Fairground Attraction
> Bürgerbrief
> Morgana - Selling Digital-Font based Sign-writing
> Macworld Expo 1988 Amsterdam
> Acorn Archimedes RISC Technology
> Anno 1987: Knowledge Navigator
> Anno 1986: Max Headroom in the News
> FidoNet
> Anno 1985: Amiga 1000
> Hello World on C128 in CP/M Mode
> Analog Desktop Publishing in 1984
> Anno 1982: Vic-20
> Gamchi
> Postel's Law
> The Future Is Unwritten
> Earth Mother and Fortieth Floor by Lesley Duncan
> La Linea by Osvaldo Cavandoli
> California by Joni Mitchell
> CoinFest 2016, April 5-10, Mont-Soleil
> Supplement to the Whole Earth Catalog
> Neil Young
> Whole Earth Catalog
> Kurdistan-reve-de-Printemps
> Anno 1968: Mony Mony and People Got to Be Free
> August 28th 1968: William Buckley Vs Gore Vidal

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Chris Zumbrunn's Mochazone
> The Mycelium Model of Glocal Governance
> The Summer Camps experience of St-Imier 2017
> St-Imier Gatherings 2017: July 30 - September 22
> Participate in the solutions of tomorrow!
> Richard Moore on the Electric Universe and Climate Change
> Verpasst: Eine grosse Chance für ein krisensicheres Geld
> Decentralised Jokes
> The numbers of the day: 62 vs 50% and 1% vs 99%
> Why Wikipedia might be the most important invention ever
> Decentralized Autonomous Popcorn Time
> RSS murderers, some must rebuild bridges you have willfully destroyed
> Outcomes of the Decentralise Now Gathering
> Decentralise Now Gathering for the 99%
> Stage d’initiation aux plantes sauvages comestibles et médicinales
> Tesla: All Our Patent Are Belong To You
> Own The Change: Building Economic Democracy One Worker Co-op at a Time
> The New Decentralized Internet - MaidSafe
> RingoJS 0.11 is out!
> Join the 2014 Beau-Sejour Gatherings, November 14-30
> La Décentrale Mont-Soleil
> Culture of Collaboration
> Les idées principales de l'anarchisme et la critique de l'Union Européenne
> Polymoney Workshop
> Zukunftsforum im Lorraine Quartier
> The Cryptosphere: decentralised, secure and open Web platform
> Rolling Stone: In the Belly Of The Beast
> Trends in Civic Tech
> Changelog for RingoJS 0.10
> Invitation to the 2013 "Beau-Sejour" gathering, October 25-27 in St-Imier, Switzerland
> Virtual roundtable on governance
> E-Voting: gesunde Skepsis und OpenSource ist nötig
> in-vitra Kulturen- und Kunstplattform in Biel-Bienne
> Es gibt kein Recht auf unethisches Verhalten.
> Open Air Filmvorführung in Bern am 11.8.: In Transition 2.0
> Sommerfest von Transition Bern
> Surfing Democracy November 25-26 2013
> Green Phoenix Congress, September 25-29 2013, Schweibenalp, Switzerland
> Leitideen des Anarchismus und EU-Kritik
> Nourrir la ville - Tagung für lokale und nachhaltige Strategien
> Installing Democracy
> Edward Snowden, NSA PRISM wistleblower
> Grüne NetzpolitikerInnen gegen BÜPF und NDG
> Collaborate locally, collaborate globally
> Dare to imagine: The grid that is us
> Original Black Bloc exhibited
> The means are the way
> Because *somebody* has to stand up for the people of the Internet
> Reserve Ratio, Inter-Bank Lending and Equity Ratio
> Social Capital World Forum 2013
> Art of Participatory Leadership 2013
> Zukunft säen – Vielfalt ernten
> Overview & Continuum by Planetary Collective
> Occupy Love by Velcrow Ripper
> More than Honey by Markus Imhoof
> Transition Town Bern am 25. April
> Simone Rebmann als Regierungsstatthalterin!
> Governance Futures Lab for ReConstitutional Convention
> Taste the Waste - about the worldwide destruction of food
> La Vélokaravane à Courtelary le 13.4.2013 au Toit des Saltimbanques
> Paddock cahier des charges choice creating session
> Ad-hoc Choice Creating
> Gründungsversammlung Swiss Foodcoop Genossenschaft
> Jim Rough enjoying Hiltl...
> RingoJS hits 0.9
> Souper et débat politique - Round Three
> Weltformatplakat GPB-DA, Stadtratswahlen 2012
> NEIN zum Tierseuchengesetz am 25.11.2012 - NON à la loi révisée sur les épizooties
> brings Dynamic Facilitation Training to Zurich, March 4-6, 2013
> Souper - Débat politique à Espace Noir
> Du 8 au 12 août, les Imériens accueilleront les anarchistes du monde entier
> St-Imier 2012 Anarchism Gathering Program
> The Transformation Project
> Empowering Public Wisdom - The Manifesto
> The Story of Change
> A Guidebook of Alternative Nows
> Albert Streichs Mittnächtler
> Declaration of Interdependence, Occupy Café and Occupy National Gathering
> Confirmation of the Higgs Boson and the Standard Model
> Plonk & Replonk
> Radical Openness
> Surfing Democracy - Dynamic Facilitation and Wisdom Councils
> From Consumers to Citizens
> Deepening Democracy Days, June 2-12, 2012
> Sophie's Choice in Bovine
> TerreVision - agriculture contractuelle
> The axis of evil runs through our dining tables
> Guggenheim by The Ting Tings
> Consensus is not something you either have or not. It is something you always have more or less of.
> Self-organisation as a powerful change agent
> Sixteen Saltines by Jack White
> macht Deliberative Demokratie mit Konsensforum
> International Anarchism Gathering, St-Imier 2012
> If what you are doing is not helpful, please stop doing it. Seriously.
> Out of Print: The 20th Century
> Jacob Appelbaum and National Security Agency whistleblower William Binne on growing state surveillance
> The Adobe Creative Cloud is coming!
> Working on true, bottom up subsidiarity
> Beim Denken sind Tiere auch nur Menschen
> Light Table - a new IDE concept
> Saturn Return by She Keeps Bees
> Lea & story-209 by michelo-ud
> Tim Anderson and Matthew Slater on Community Forge
> Journée: Coopératives & énergies renouvelables
> Summer 2012 will be the Woodstock of Anarchism
> Late in the Night by Heartless Bastards
> House Rules
> Everyone is an exception. Let's try and catch each other.
> Finish your Beer
> Zweites Eichhorn 2011 by michelo-ud
> I believe I know what is true, but I know I don't know what is real.
> O Freedom by Billy Bragg
> Hochdemokratie
> Bradley Manning by Cass McCombs
> The Foundation of Democracy
> The Three Pillars of Democracy
> Will Not Follow by Gringo Star
> Hydrogen production from inexhaustible supplies of fresh and salt water using microbial reverse-electrodialysis electrolysis cells
> Fortschritt statt schildbürgerliches Wachstum
> Consensus & Direct Democracy @ Occupy Everything
> Libertär, EU-kritisch, ökologisch, sozial
> The Creative Cloud, Elasticity, Touch and Context
> More >>>